Main Article Content
Identifying the early behavior and characteristics of learners is a process that teachers must pass through in designing their learning. This is especially important to determine the starting point of learning materials. In addition, this process also aims to avoid the occurrence of two things in the class, namely saturation and difficulty. Students who have mastered the material taught will certainly feel saturated, because it felt the material was repeated, while students who have no basis at all of the material will certainly feel the difficulties and even despair of the material being taught. In addition, this process also makes teachers understand the external factors that affect the learners in receiving lessons.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.